Istighotsah and Aswaja Lecture, Hujjah Amaliah Ahlussunnah wal Jamaah

Posted by En_Admin

December 12, 2022

Semarang (12/12) – The Faculty of Social and Political Sciences of Universitas Diponegoro has just held an Istighotsah and Aswaja Lecture with the theme “Hajjah Amaliah Ahlussunnah wal Jamaah“. The activity also invited Dr. KH. Muhammad Adnan, M.A. as a guest speaker and was attended by the Dean of FISIP Undip, Dr Drs Hardi Warsono, M.T., along with the Vice Dean I, Dr Teguh Yuwono, M.Pol. Admin.

In his material, Kyai Adnan said that there were two sources of law in Islam, namely the Qur’an and the Sunnah of the Prophet. In addition to these main sources, scholars agreed there are other sources, namely Ijma’, and Qias. He also explained that Ahlussunah waljamaah believed what the Prophet Muhammad SAW did became law for Muslims. However, what he did not do was not necessarily something that was prohibited. In this study, Kyai Adnan showed several things that the Prophet did not do yet were done by the Prophet’s companions and became Ijtihad and were appreciated by the Prophet.

Muslims are allowed to do something the Prophet did not do, even during prayer as long as it does not come out of Islamic law. For example, Mu’adz bin Jabal, a famously intelligent companion of the Prophet, recounted the Companions’ involvement in determining Islamic law by the Prophet. Such as in the case of a worshiper who arrived late (makmum masbuk) to the congregational prayer. In the past, makmum masbuk would ask the Imam how many rak’ahs had passed and the Imam would answer by signalling the number of rak’ahs. After that, the makmum masbuk must pray alone to catch up on the missed raka’ah and then join the group to complete the remaining raka’ah. This created an uncomfortable atmosphere because they seemed to be racing to catch up before joining the group. One day, Mu’adz bin Jabal came and the Prophet had prayed several rak’ahs, then he immediately joined the prayer with him. When the Prophet finished praying, Mu’adz stood up and completed the missing rak’ah. This was not considered heresy by the Prophet. Instead, the Prophet praised and established the rule of makmum masbuk as Mu’adz did.

Based on this, Kyai Adnan concluded that Islam presented by the Prophet Muhammad SAW was a flexible, non-rigid, and tolerant religion.

“As long as it does not deviate from the true Islamic law, any innovation is for the common good, adding to our amaliyah, adding to our reward, especially if we practice something that was ordered by the Prophet,” explained Kyai Adnan.